Ramon Name Vorname Ramon - Imageprofil
Was bedeutet der. Ramon als Jungenname ♂ Herkunft, Bedeutung & Namenstag im Überblick ✓ Alle Infos zum Namen Ramon auf sec2018.be entdecken! Der männliche Vorname Ramon, auch Ramón geschrieben, ist die spanische und portugiesische Form des althochdeutschen Namens Raimund. Er bedeutet "der. Erläuterung: Der Name Ramon belegt in der offiziellen Rangliste der häufigsten Vornamen aller in Österreich geborenen Bürger den Rang. Insgesamt Mitzpe Ramon, Stadt in Israel. Ramon oder Ramón ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert Ramon (–), belgischer Radrennfahrer; Alonso.
Der männliche Vorname Ramon, auch Ramón geschrieben, ist die spanische und portugiesische Form des althochdeutschen Namens Raimund. Er bedeutet "der. Im Gegensatz zu den alten Namen ist Ramon auch heute noch sehr beliebt. Bekannte Namensträger des Namens. Ramon Ayala alias „Daddy Yankee" ist ein. Relationen. Häufigkeit. Für diesen Namen sind noch keine Häufigkeitsinformationen bekannt. Namenstage. No name days known for the forename "Ramón".
Ramon is the perfect blend of exotic and familiar, with a rocker edge via The Ramones. A cool name classic, if there ever was one.
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Follow Ramon Follow Follow Ramon. Login Register. They were not normally chosen by the persons who bore them, but were earned or bestowed by others, which may account for the wide variety of unflattering names that were used as cognomina.
Doubtless some cognomina were used ironically, while others continued in use largely because, whatever their origin, they were useful for distinguishing among individuals and between branches of large families.
New cognomina were coined and came into fashion throughout Roman history. Under the Empire, the number of cognomina increased dramatically.
Where once only the most noble patrician houses used multiple surnames, Romans of all backgrounds and social standing might bear several cognomina.
By the third century, this had become the norm amongst freeborn Roman citizens. The question of how to classify different cognomina led the grammarians of the fourth and fifth centuries to designate some of them as agnomina.
For most of the Republic, the usual manner of distinguishing individuals was through the binomial form of praenomen and nomen.
But as the praenomen lost its value as a distinguishing name, and gradually faded into obscurity, its former role was assumed by the versatile cognomen, and the typical manner of identifying individuals came to be by nomen and cognomen; essentially one form of binomial nomenclature was replaced by another, over the course of several centuries.
The very lack of regularity that allowed the cognomen to be used as either a personal or a hereditary surname became its strength in imperial times; as a hereditary surname, a cognomen could be used to identify an individual's connection with other noble families, either by descent, or later by association.
Individual cognomina could also be used to distinguish between members of the same family; even as siblings came to share the same praenomen, they bore different cognomina, some from the paternal line, and others from their maternal ancestors.
Although the nomen was a required element of Roman nomenclature down to the end of the western empire, its usefulness as a distinguishing name declined throughout imperial times, as an increasingly large portion of the population bore nomina such as Flavius or Aurelius , which had been granted en masse to newly enfranchised citizens.
As a result, by the third century the cognomen became the most important element of the Roman name, and frequently the only one that was useful for distinguishing between individuals.
In the later empire, the proliferation of cognomina was such that the full nomenclature of most individuals was not recorded, and in many cases the only names surviving in extant records are cognomina.
By the sixth century, traditional Roman cognomina were frequently prefixed by a series of names with Christian religious significance.
As Roman institutions vanished, and the distinction between nomen and cognomen ceased to have any practical importance, the complex system of cognomina that developed under the later empire faded away.
The people of the western empire reverted to single names, which were indistinguishable from the cognomina that they replaced; many former praenomina and nomina also survived in this way.
The proliferation of cognomina in the later centuries of the Empire led some grammarians to classify certain types as agnomina.
This class included two main types of cognomen: the cognomen ex virtute , and cognomina that were derived from nomina, to indicate the parentage of Romans who had been adopted from one gens into another.
Although these names had existed throughout Roman history, it was only in this late period that they were distinguished from other cognomina. The cognomen ex virtute was a surname derived from some virtuous or heroic episode attributed to the bearer.
Roman history is filled with individuals who obtained cognomina as a result of their exploits: Aulus Postumius Albus Regillensis , who commanded the Roman army at the Battle of Lake Regillus ; Gaius Marcius Coriolanus , who captured the city of Corioli ; Marcus Valerius Corvus , who defeated a giant Gaul in single combat, aided by a raven; Titus Manlius Torquatus , who likewise defeated a Gaulish giant, and took his name from the torque that he claimed as a prize; Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus , who carried the Second Punic War to Africa, and defeated Hannibal.
Ironically, the most famous examples of this class of cognomen come from the period of the Republic, centuries before the concept of the agnomen was formulated.
Adoption was a common and formal process in Roman culture. Its chief purpose had nothing to do with providing homes for children; it was about ensuring the continuity of family lines that might otherwise become extinct.
In early Rome, this was especially important for the patricians, who enjoyed tremendous status and privilege compared with the plebeians. Because few families were admitted to the patriciate after the expulsion of the kings , while the number of plebeians continually grew, the patricians continually struggled to preserve their wealth and influence.
A man who had no sons to inherit his property and preserve his family name would adopt one of the younger sons from another family.
In time, as the plebeians also acquired wealth and gained access to the offices of the Roman state, they too came to participate in the Roman system of adoption.
Since the primary purpose of adoption was to preserve the name and status of the adopter, an adopted son would usually assume both the praenomen and nomen of his adoptive father, together with any hereditary cognomina, just as an eldest son would have done.
However, adoption did not result in the complete abandonment of the adopted son's birth name. The son's original nomen or occasionally cognomen would become the basis of a new surname, formed by adding the derivative suffix -anus or -inus to the stem.
Apart from the praenomen, the filiation was the oldest element of the Roman name. Even before the development of the nomen as a hereditary surname, it was customary to use the name of a person's father as a means of distinguishing him or her from others with the same personal name, like a patronymic ; thus Lucius, the son of Marcus would be Lucius, Marci filius ; Paulla, the daughter of Quintus, would be Paulla, Quinti filia.
Many nomina were derived in the same way, and most praenomina have at least one corresponding nomen, such as Lucilius, Marcius, Publilius, Quinctius, or Servilius.
These are known as patronymic surnames, because they are derived from the name of the original bearer's father.
Even after the development of the nomen and cognomen, filiation remained a useful means of distinguishing between members of a large family.
Filiations were normally written between the nomen and any cognomina, and abbreviated using the typical abbreviations for praenomina, followed by f.
Thus, the inscription S. Postumius A. Aemilius L. The more formal the writing, the more generations might be included; a great-grandchild would be pron.
The filiation sometimes included the name of the mother, in which case gnatus [ix] would follow the mother's name, instead of filius or filia.
The names of married women were sometimes followed by the husband's name and uxor for "wife". Fabius Q.
Valeri uxor would be "Claudia, wife of Lucius Valerius". Slaves and freedmen also possessed filiations, although in this case the person referred to is usually the slave's owner, rather than his or her father.
The abbreviations here include s. A slave might have more than one owner, in which case the names could be given serially. In some cases the owner's nomen or cognomen was used instead of or in addition to the praenomen.
The liberti of women sometimes used an inverted "C", signifying the feminine praenomen Gaia , here used generically to mean any woman; and there are a few examples of an inverted "M", although it is not clear whether this was used generically, or specifically for the feminine praenomen Marca or Marcia.
An example of the filiation of slaves and freedmen would be: Alexander Corneli L. Cornelius L. Alexander , "Lucius Cornelius Alexander, freedman of Lucius"; it was customary for a freedman to take the praenomen of his former owner, if he did not already have one, and to use his original personal name as a cognomen.
Another example might be Salvia Pompeia Cn. A freedman of the emperor might have the filiation Aug. Although filiation was common throughout the history of the Republic and well into imperial times, no law governed its use or inclusion in writing.
It was used by custom and for convenience, but could be ignored or discarded, as it suited the needs of the writer.
From the beginning of the Roman Republic , all citizens were enumerated in one of the tribes making up the comitia tributa , or "tribal assembly".
This was the most democratic of Rome's three main legislative assemblies of the Roman Republic , in that all citizens could participate on an equal basis, without regard to wealth or social status.
Over time, its decrees, known as plebi scita , or "plebiscites" became binding on the whole Roman people. Although much of the assembly's authority was usurped by the emperors, membership in a tribe remained an important part of Roman citizenship, so that the name of the tribe came to be incorporated into a citizen's full nomenclature.
The number of tribes varied over time; tradition ascribed the institution of thirty tribes to Servius Tullius , the sixth King of Rome , but ten of these were destroyed at the beginning of the Republic.
Several tribes were added between and BC, as large swaths of Italy came under Roman control, bringing the total number of tribes to thirty-five; except for a brief experiment at the end of the Social War in 88 BC, this number remained fixed.
The nature of the tribes was mainly geographic, rather than ethnic; inhabitants of Rome were, in theory, assigned to one of the four "urban" tribes, while the territory beyond the city was allocated to the "rural" or "rustic" tribes.
Geography was not the sole determining factor in one's tribus ; at times efforts were made to assign freedmen to the four urban tribes, thus concentrating their votes and limiting their influence on the comitia tributa.
Perhaps for similar reasons, when large numbers of provincials gained the franchise, certain rural tribes were preferred for their enrollment.
Citizens did not normally change tribes when they moved from one region to another; but the censors had the power to punish a citizen by expelling him from one of the rural tribes and assigning him to one of the urban tribes.
In later periods, most citizens were enrolled in tribes without respect to geography. Precisely when it became common to include the name of a citizen's tribus as part of his full nomenclature is uncertain.
The name of the tribe normally follows the filiation and precedes any cognomina, suggesting that it occurred before the cognomen was recognized as a formal part of the Roman name; so probably no later than the second century BC.
However, in both writing and inscriptions, the tribus is found with much less frequency than other parts of the name; so the custom of including it does not seem to have been deeply ingrained in Roman practice.
As with the filiation, it was common to abbreviate the name of the tribe. For the names of the thirty-five tribes and their abbreviations, see Roman tribe.
In the earliest period, the binomial nomenclature of praenomen and nomen that developed throughout Italy was shared by both men and women. Just as men's praenomina, women's names were regularly abbreviated instead of being written in full.
But for a variety of reasons, women's praenomina became neglected over the course of Roman history, and by the end of the Republic, most women did not have or did not use praenomina.
They did not disappear entirely, nor were Roman women bereft of personal names; but for most of Roman history women were known chiefly by their nomina or cognomina.
The first of these reasons is probably that the praenomen itself lost much of its original utility following the adoption of hereditary surnames.
The number of praenomina commonly used by both men and women declined throughout Roman history. For men, who might hold public office or serve in the military, the praenomen remained an important part of the legal name.
But, as in other ancient societies, Roman women played little role in public life, so the factors that resulted in the continuation of men's praenomina did not exist for women.
Another factor was probably that the praenomen was not usually necessary to distinguish between women within the family.
Because a Roman woman did not change her nomen when she married, her nomen alone was usually sufficient to distinguish her from every other member of the family.
As Latin names had distinctive masculine and feminine forms, the nomen was sufficient to distinguish a daughter from both of her parents and all of her brothers.
Thus, there was no need for a personal name unless there were multiple sisters in the same household.
When this occurred, praenomina could be and frequently were used to distinguish between sisters. However, it was also common to identify sisters using a variety of names, some of which could be used as either praenomina or cognomina.
For example, if Publius Servilius had two daughters, they would typically be referred to as Servilia Major and Servilia Minor. If there were more daughters, the eldest might be called Servilia Prima or Servilia Maxima ; [xii] younger daughters as Servilia Secunda, Tertia, Quarta , etc.
All of these names could be used as praenomina, preceding the nomen, but common usage from the later Republic onward was to treat them as personal cognomina; when these names appear in either position, it is frequently impossible to determine whether they were intended as praenomina or cognomina.
Although women's praenomina were infrequently used in the later Republic, they continued to be used, when needed, into imperial times. Among the other peoples of Italy, women's praenomina continued to be used regularly until the populace was thoroughly Romanized.
In the Etruscan culture, where women held a markedly higher social status than at Rome or in other ancient societies, inscriptions referring to women nearly always include praenomina.
Most Roman women were known by their nomina, with such distinction as described above for older and younger siblings.
If further distinction were needed, she could be identified as a particular citizen's daughter or wife. For instance, Cicero refers to a woman as Annia P.
Anni senatoris filia , which means "Annia, daughter of Publius Annius, the senator". Sometimes these cognomina were given diminutive forms, such as Agrippina from the masculine Agrippa , or Drusilla from Drusus.
In imperial times, other, less formal names were sometimes used to distinguish between women with similar names. Still later, Roman women, like men, adopted signa , or alternative names, in place of their Roman names.
With the fall of the western empire in the fifth century, the last traces of the distinctive Italic nomenclature system began to disappear, and women too reverted to single names.
As Roman territory expanded beyond Italy, many foreigners obtained Roman citizenship, and adopted Roman names. Often these were discharged auxiliary soldiers, or the leaders of annexed towns and peoples.
Customarily a newly enfranchised citizen would adopt the praenomen and nomen of his patron; that is, the person who had adopted or manumitted him, or otherwise procured his citizenship.
But many such individuals retained a portion of their original names, usually in the form of cognomina. This was especially true for citizens of Greek origin.
A name such as T. Flavius Aristodemus or Gaius Julius Hyginus would be typical of such persons, although in form these names are not distinguishable from those of freedmen.
The Constitutio Antoniniana promulgated by Caracalla in AD was perhaps the most far-reaching of many imperial decrees enfranchising large numbers of non-citizens living throughout the empire.
It extended citizenship to all free inhabitants of the empire, all of whom thus received the name Marcus Aurelius , after the emperor's praenomen and nomen.
The result was that vast numbers of individuals who had never possessed praenomina or nomina formally shared the same names. In turn, many of the "new Romans" promptly discarded their praenomina, and ignored their nomina except when required by formality.
As a result, the cognomina adopted by these citizens, often including their original non-Latin names, became the most important part of their nomenclature.
During the Republic, a person's names were usually static and predictable, unless he were adopted into a new family or obtained a new surname.
In imperial times, however, names became highly variable and subject to change. Perhaps no names were more variable than those of the emperors. For example, the first emperor, known conventionally as Augustus , began life as C.
Octavius C. His ancestors had borne the same name for at least four generations. At the age of eighteen in 44 BC, Octavius was nominated magister equitum by his granduncle, Gaius Julius Caesar , who held the office of dictator.
On the Ides of March , Caesar was assassinated , without legitimate children; but in his will he adopted his nephew, who then became C. Julius C.
Thus far, his name follows the Republican model, becoming that of his adoptive father, followed by his original nomen in the form of an agnomen.
Two years later, Caesar was deified by the Roman Senate , and Octavian, as he was then known, was styled Divi f. Still later, after having been acclaimed Imperator by the troops under his command, Octavian assumed this title as an additional praenomen, becoming Imp.
Julius Divi f. Caesar Octavianus ; in some inscriptions his original praenomen is discarded altogether. In 27 BC, the Senate granted him the title of Augustus , which would ever after be affixed as a cognomen to the names of the Roman emperors.
A similar pattern was followed by Augustus' heirs. The emperor's stepson and eventual successor was born Tiberius Claudius Nero ; after his adoption by the emperor, he became Tiberius Julius Caesar retaining his original praenomen.
His brother, born Decimus Claudius Nero , subsequently became Nero Claudius Drusus , exchanging his original praenomen for his paternal cognomen, and assuming a new cognomen from his maternal grandfather.
Other members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty used praenomina such as Drusus and Germanicus. In subsequent generations, all reigning emperors assumed Imperator as an additional praenomen usually without foregoing their original praenomina , and Augustus as a cognomen.
Caesar came to be used as a cognomen designating an heir apparent; and for the first two centuries of the empire, most emperors were adopted by their predecessors.
The result was that each emperor bore a series of names that had more to do with the previous emperor than the names with which he had been born.
They added new cognomina as they fought and conquered enemies and new lands, and their filiations recorded their descent from a series of gods.
As the names of the emperors themselves changed, so did the names of the members of their families. During the Empire, a variety of new naming conventions developed which, while differing, were internally coherent.
Under the "High Empire", the new aristocracy began adopting two or more nomina — a practice which has been termed 'binary nomenclature'.
In order to reflect an illustrious pedigree or other connections, the aristocracy expanded the binary nomenclature concept to include other nomina from an individual's paternal and maternal ancestry.
Sosius Priscus had thirty-eight names comprising fourteen sets of nomina reflecting a complex pedigree stretching back three generations.
The praenomen, even under the classic system, had never been particularly distinctive because of the limited number of praenomina available. The cognomen, as in Vespasian's family, then assumed the distinguishing function for individuals; where this happened, the cognomen replaced the praenomen in intimate address.
With the Constitutio Antoniniana in , the emperor Caracalla granted Roman citizenship to all free inhabitants of the empire. It had long been the expectation that when a non-Roman acquired citizenship he, as part of his enfranchisement, took on a Roman name.
Although praenomina were not adopted by the new citizens, reflecting the pre-existing decline amongst "old" Romans,  in the west the new names were formulated on the same basis as the existing Roman practices.
Although a nomen would long be required for official purposes, and, in isolated corners of the empire and in parts of Italy, its usage would persist into the seventh century, the nomen was generally omitted from the name even of emperors by the third century.